Microphones and their uses

Microphones have a wide variety of functions. They are especially essential in the areas of even and stage technology.

Attention: Not every microphone suits every use!

This is particularly the case with vocal microphones, the choice of which always needs to be adjusted to the respective voice. This is why it is especially important for technicians and singers to thoroughly test the sound transducer in advance. That is the only way to find out which device harmonizes with a particular voice.

In most music stores there is the possibility to test the microphones within a small sound system. However, it makes more sense to check out the sound transducer directly in the practice space or studio and test its quality (in regards to sound and functionality). After all, several factors play a role (for example, equipment, the setup of the room, etc.) for the sound.

Microphones for singing can, to some extent, also be utilized for instrument sounds. However, here you have the risk of not achieving the satisfying results.

Construction and differences

Beyond the way the equipment is put together, there are also characteristic that differ from microphone to microphone. To start off, polar patterns can be mentioned. This tells us how sensitive to scale the microphone in various directions. Here the most important characteristics are:

  • Omnidirectional
  • Cardioid
  • Supercardioid
  • Hypercardioid and bidirectional

Here the main speaking direction is taken as a point of reference

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